Periodontal Maintenance is an important consideration for future gum health
Individuals with periodontal (gum) problems or disease, or a history of previous periodontal disease, require special attention and care in the form of periodontal maintenance. Once gum issues have started in an individual, he/she will continue to be prone to having gum issues or relapsing back into a state of active gum disease for the remainder of his/her life.
Because of this, we will often suggest that patients with gum issues maintain their periodontal health with more frequent, and gum focused cleanings. These cleanings are called Periodontal Maintenance cleanings, and differ from a ‘regular’ cleaning in that they have an additional focus on evaluating the gum and bone health for changes and cleaning the deeper pocketing around teeth that patients with gum disease typically have. Depending on the individual, we will typically do Periodontal Maintenance cleanings on a 3 or 4 month basis versus the typical 6 month cleaning interval.
It is important to keep the teeth in a patient with gum disease extremely clean because gum disease is caused by an inflammatory response from the body’s gum and bone surrounding the teeth to tartar (calculus) buildup and bacteria on the teeth. This response can be caused by heavy calculus from dental neglect or if an individual deposits calculus at an accelerated rate. There are also health factors that lead to an individual being more prone to this inflammatory response of gum disease such as diabetes, or other conditions that interfere with the body’s defenses. Family history can also play a very important role in someone’s susceptibility to gum disease. Gum disease does not just affect the tissues that hold in the teeth; it also affects the rest of the body. Gum disease has been linked to many other health conditions outside of the mouth, such as heart disease. Therefore, it is not just important to treat gum disease to keep the mouth healthy, but also the entire body.
Patient Annual Comprehensive Periodontal Evaluations are routine at Madison Family Dental, whether you are at a high risk or a low risk for periodontal disease
One out of every two American adults aged 30 and over has periodontal disease, according to recent findings from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The recent research has indicated the prevalence of periodontal disease in the US may be significantly higher than originally estimated. This means that all adults should thoroughly assess the state of their periodontal health to receive accurate information about the health of their mouths.
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. Research has also shown that periodontal disease is associated with other chronic inflammatory diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it is very important to treat the inflammation that causes periodontal diseases as soon as possible to ensure that your entire body stays healthy.
Periodontal disease is thought to be one of the most prevalent non-communicable chronic diseases in our population.
The new findings support the need for comprehensive periodontal evaluations annually. A dental profession should examine each tooth above and below the gum line. A visual examination alone is not enough.
The American Academy of Periodontology recommends that every patient receive a comprehensive periodontal evaluation on an annual basis.
A Comprehensive Periodontal Evaluation is way to assess your periodontal health by examining:
- Your teeth
- Your plaque
- Your gums
- Your bite
- Your bone structure
- Your risk factors
What measurements are taken during a Periodontal Evaluation?
The periodontal exam and probing include taking measurements of the spaces between your teeth and gums. This space is known as the sulcus. When the gums are healthy, the sulcus is usually about 3 millimeters deep. Healthy gums cling tightly to the tooth. Diseased gums tend to swell and detach from the tooth. In advanced forms of periodontitis, the pocket can be more than 10 millimeters deep.
Taking the measurements once a year at your dental visit helps your dentist track the progress of treatment. A common treatment for periodontal disease is scaling and root planing.
Commonly Asked Questions About Periodontal Maintenance
I have heard there is a connection between gum disease and heart disease. Is this true? Where can I find more information?
Both of my parents have periodontal disease, and I’m worried that it may be genetic. Is there a way to determine my risk for developing gum disease?
Nothing hurts so do I really have a problem?
What can I do at home to prevent periodontal disease?
There are two big things you can do that will contribute most to improved periodontal health. The first is what you do at home every day-including brushing, flossing and other forms of interproximal (between the teeth)cleaning such as the use of soft picks and proxy brushes. The second most important thing you can do is to have more frequent teeth cleaning intervals. It is critical to remove the bacterial plaque from your teeth every day, to prevent the bacteria from organizing and forming colonies that secrete toxins that destroy your gums and the bone supporting your teeth. By coming in for more frequent teeth cleaning intervals we are insuring that the bacterial cycle is interrupted and areas that are not accessible to your cleaning aids get flushed out. We are also able to keep close track of any areas that are not responding.
- thoroughly brush your teeth twice a day
- clean between your teeth with floss or another interdental cleaner once every day
- visit your dentist for a checkup and professional Periodontal Maintenance cleaning regularly
- If you smoke or chew tobacco, stop. Tobacco use greatly increases the risk of developing periodontal disease.
- eat a healthy balanced diet
Other than diagnose and treat gum disease, what else have periodontists been trained to do?
Why do I need a periodontal maintenance cleaning?
What will happen if I don’t have more frequent teeth cleaning appointments?
If the bacterial plaque is not controlled and is allowed to colonize and multiply, there will be an increase in gum irritation and the potential for hard deposits (calculus/tarter) to form. Once the plaque forms a sticky biofilm or hardens into calculus it is difficult to have effective homecare, which leads to increased bleeding and pocket depths, which leads to poor oral hygiene, which leads to more plaque etc. A vicious cycle begins.In addition extra time is spent on education and proper home oral hygiene technique. With good oral hygiene at home and a 3-4 month periodontal maintenance recall the bacteria can be controlled. When we remove the bacteria it breaks the cycle. The cycle is bacteria/deposits, lead to inflammation that leads to bleeding that leads to increased pockets. When we control the cycle the tissue is healthier which reduces the progress of periodontal disease.
Can children be at risk for developing periodontal disease?
What is the difference between plaque and calculus?
Is a topical antibiotic treatment necessary in conjunction to scaling and root planing?
Is periodontal disease treatable?
What products or procedures will help my periodontal condition?
1. Toothbrush- we recommend an electric toothbrush if at all possible. The brand we carry is Oral Bhowever there are other acceptable options available. The brush should ideally have a two-minute timer and we recommend a minimum of two minutes of twice daily brushing.2. Flossing- See saw the floss to get it between the teeth-try not to snap the floss through the contactpoint. Wrap the floss around the tooth (like you are hugging the tooth) and then take the floss up anddown. You need to go down until you feel the resistance of the gums. We recommend a waxed flossor dental tape . The “Glide” type of floss or very thin floss does not have enough surface area and is too slippery to clean effectively. Flossing should ideally be done once daily. Flossing is a difficult habit for most people to establish. Try committing to at least 2-3 times per week and work form there. We recommend finding a time to work the flossing into your routine. If you like to watch the news at night in your favorite chair, put the floss on your table next to the remote, some people find that putting the floss in the shower works well into their routine. Find something that you can be consistent with.
3. Other interproximal tools- we highly encourage the use of Soft picks or a proxy-brush to aid in cleaning between the teeth. We find that our patients who do a combination of flossing and soft picks/proxy-brush have a greater level of oral hygiene than flossing alone in most instances.
4. Water picks- We consider water picks an additional adjunct that can be beneficial but it should never be considered a substitute for flossing and other interproximal cleaning tools. The water pick is like trying to wash your car with just a stream of water. The water is sprayed on the surface but there is still a film of dirt on the car. Plaque/bacteria is like the film on the car because you need to physically touch/scrub the car to remove the film. The plaque is a sticky biofilm and needs to be rubbed off the surface of the tooth.
Will my insurance cover my periodontal treatment?
Will I need surgery?
Here’s what one can expect from Periodontal Surgery.
If you have been referred to a periodontist to undergo some surgery, here’s what you can expect from that surgery.
Periodontal Pre-operative Care > Periodontal Surgery
Prior to surgery day:
- If the procedure was to be preauthorized and you haven’t received any information from us or the insurance company after four to six weeks, please call our business office at (608) 274-5970.
- If there is partial insurance coverage or no coverage, please be prepared to make payment the day of the surgery.
- If you need to cancel, please do so seven days in advance.
- We have a CD headset, so feel free to bring a CD to listen to during surgery.
Day of surgery:
- Please eat as you normally would. You will not be put to sleep. We use a local anesthetic. If you will be using nitrous (a gas to help you relax) in conjunction with the anesthetic, eat at least one to two hours before the procedure. Do not overeat.
- Wear comfortable clothing. We will be taking your blood pressure, so please wear a shirt that offers easy access to your arm.
- Be prepared to update us of any medication or medical changes that have occurred. Herbal remedies should also be shared. If you are pregnant, please contact us so we can plan accordingly.
- If a bone graft was mentioned as a possibility, be prepared to decide which type you wish to use: freeze-dried human donated material or synthetic man-made material. We have information on both. You may have already received pamphlets. The differences between the two types can be discussed on the day of the procedure.
- Be prepared to take the rest of the day off after the procedure. We recommend light or no physical activities the day of the surgery. You should be able to return to work the next day. Use your best judgment on physical activities.
- We will see you about one week after the procedure to remove any remaining sutures and check on tissue healing.
- There will be no charge for follow-up visits for up to three months, so we may continue checking on the healing process. After the three months there will be a re-check fee.
Periodontal Post-operative Care > Periodontal Surgery
The operation that has been performed on your gums will help you keep your teeth. Please read these instructions carefully; our patients find them helpful.
- When the anesthetic wears off, you may have slight discomfort. Before the anesthetic wears off, it is advisable for you to take a mild analgesic, like Tylenol or ibuprofen, for discomfort.
- Follow a soft dietary regimen for the first week post-surgery. Sticky, harsh, hard, brittle, crumbly, spicy, or highly-seasoned foods should be avoided. The diet should be nutritive and bland. It is advisable to do most of your chewing in an area of the mouth that did not have surgery. The surgical area may be covered with a pink dressing. If it falls out, just throw it away. We will remove whatever is left when you return in a week.
- Oral hygiene measures should be maintained in the non-operated areas of your mouth. Do not try to use a toothbrush or floss in the area where the surgery was performed.
- Starting the night of your surgery, you may rinse. Slight bleeding or oozing is not unusual and will correct itself. If bleeding is persistent, please call the office. Do not try to stop the bleeding by rinsing. Bleeding may be controlled by taking a piece of damp gauze, holding it in the thumb and index finger, and applying firm pressure to both sides of the area. Hold it in place with pressure for twenty minutes.
- Immediately following the procedure, apply ice wrapped in a towel on the outside of the face over the affected area. Use fifteen-minutes-on then fifteen-minutes-off to help prevent development of excessive swelling and discomfort. This should be continued for a minimum of two hours.
- No smoking or drinking through a straw, please. Smoking delays healing. Smoking or drinking through a straw creates suction, which promotes bleeding. The longer you refrain from smoking post-surgery, the better for the healing response.
- Relax. Healing after periodontal surgery is usually uneventful.
- Please call the office with any questions or concerns. We are here to help you.
Periodontal Post-operative Care > Soft Tissue Grafts
- The donor site, or palate where the graft was taken, may be uncomfortable but will heal over time. We have placed a perio packing over the wound to help protect it. This packing may fall off on the day of the surgery or several days after. Do not be concerned about this. If the donor site is sore after the packing has come off, use the topical we gave you to help with any discomfort you may have.
- The graft site will also have a packing to help protect the graft and remind you to stay away from the area. We would like this packing to stay in place until you come in for the post-op. If it falls out before Friday, call our office in case we want to replace it.
- Try to be gentle with the graft area when washing your face or shaving. Please check with us first before playing sports or wind instruments.
- If the graft was placed in the front area of your mouth, do not bite into foods. Use a fork and knife and cut your food up into reasonably-sized pieces. Smaller bites will make it easier to chew.
- Unless a prescription rinse is advised, you may use a warm salt water rinse: one teaspoon table salt added to eight ounces of warm water. Rinsing should be done gently so as not to dislodge the packing.
- Most importantly, leave the graft area alone. Do not pull at the lip or cheek to check the graft, as this may disrupt the blood supply and interfere with the graft taking.
- Some of the sutures (stitches) we used are dissolvable. You may notice some coming undone. Do not worry about this.